Fifth Generation (5G) – The spine of the industrial Internet

Fifth Generation (5G) – The spine of the industrial Internet

Fifth Generation (5G)–The spine of the industrial Internet

Long-anticipated is the data-driven “fourth industrial revolution.” Now the platform’s backbone is taking shape. The long-awaited advantages of cyber-physical industrial systems are near.

True cellular connectivity for the Internet of Things (IoT) finally arrived in 2019. It seems like a new 4G NB-IoT / LTE-M network rollout announcement is made every week. In spite of this, the industrial future is already rushing towards 5G wireless communication technology.

In short, 5G promises lightning-fast speeds, low latency, and massive capacity. A few cities have approved test networks from all four major US carriers.

5G stands for fifth-generation cellular network. It is a new global wireless network after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of community that connects us all with machines, objects, and devices.

The 5G era is supposed to deliver multi-Gbps top data speeds, ultra-low latency, and higher reliability than previous generations. It also provides massive network potential, increased availability, and a more consistent consumer experience. Improved overall performance enables new consumer studies and connects new industries.

5G vs. 4G

5G is a unified platform superior to 4G. This technology was developed to deliver faster mobile broadband services than 3G. 5 Generation is designed to be a unified, more successful platform that does more than simply boost mobile broadband statistics.

It also helps new services like task-critical communications and big IoT. The technology supports all spectrum types (licensed, shared, and unlicensed) and bands (low, mid, high).

Its deployment options are vast (from conventional macro-cells to hotspots). 5G offers new interconnecting options (inclusive of tool-to-tool and multi-hop mesh).

How will 5G impact me?

It is designed to transform our lives by providing faster download speeds, low latency, and more capability and connectivity for billions of devices. It is mainly in VR, IoT, and AI (AI).

For example, this new generation allows you to access new and improved studies such as near-instant cloud service access and multiplayer cloud gaming. It’s augmented reality shopping, real-time video translation, and collaboration.

For what seems like a generation, people have debated the advantages of combining the physical and digital world.

This type of intelligence could help many industries gain critical insights into their operations and how to improve them. The buzz around 5G is bigger than 4G, which has already improved industries globally.

Data is insufficient on its own

“Everyone is already collecting, and to some extent using data,” says Jani Vilenius, Sandvik’s Director of Research & Technology. But better connectivity is required to truly use data and add business value. 5G is inevitable as we add more AI, machine learning, and voice/image recognition to everyday systems.

But there’s been a crucial element missing from Industry 4.0’s promise. A truly agile communications infrastructure is required to make a collaborative, adaptive, real-time industrial digital system a reality

Above and beyond incremental improvement

As a result of the hype surrounding 5G, many people believe the upgrade from 4G to 5G is a minor speed improvement. Because today’s 4G/LTE communications architecture has connected roughly 3 billion mobile devices.

It’s like comparing a horse and buggy to an electric race car when it comes to the difference between 4G and 5G.

Yes, 3G and 4G technology are often associated with smartphones. For voice and data, respectively. However, the fact that 5G is built for data connectivity will be the game-changer, not just faster streaming and downloading.

Every industry will benefit from faster connectivity and low-to-no-latency. Only talk until now, but with test systems in place, operational benefits become apparent.

The next generation of connected factories

5G’s faster speeds and low latency are required for autonomous robotics, wearables, and virtual reality in a market-driven by data-intensive machine applications.

For the first time, 5G will not fundamentally alter the manufacturing process. It will, however, allow manufacturers to build smart factories that can adapt to changing markets.

This trend won’t be limited to a single industry. Once distinct industry boundaries will become hazy as competition shifts from product to system-based. For example, traditional manufacturing firms may soon find themselves competing in a much larger automation market.

Remote surgery: a new option

This is especially true in the operating room where 5G’s low latency will revolutionize healthcare. Remotely operating surgical devices is possible for experienced surgeons. That this has already occurred is hard to believe, but it has.

In early 2019, China successfully performed the world’s first live surgery via video conference. One of the best surgeons in the world put a Parkinson’s patient’s brain on a stimulus.

In fact, the surgeon was 3,000 kilometers away from the patient, but the 2-millisecond latency allowed them to perform the procedure almost instantly. The latency is similar to surgery with a cabled monitor.

Autonomous technology on and under the road

This means that applications and devices can communicate in near-real-time. By constantly communicating with their environment, autonomous vehicles should be safer.

Better connectivity is required to fully utilize data and add business value.

Instead of replacing LTE networks, 5G will augment and enhance them. Densely populated areas require a large investment. That could actually speed up the rollout.

The trend of network sharing, according to McKinsey & Company, will accelerate, lowering the otherwise prohibitive cost of 5G adoption.

The ability to share both active and passive equipment allows operators to lower the total cost of ownership and improve network quality.

For example, a spokesperson said that by sharing 5G small-cell deployment and building a 5G IoT macro layer across the country, operators could save over 40%.

Way forwered

Finland is home to important research as well as the Sandvik test mine. Nokia, a Sandvik partner, uses Aalto University’s Industrial Internet Campus to test future solutions.

Smart construction sites, smart buildings, and the future factory are all part of the project scope. It examines how to build a cost-effective, globally secure, and secure foundation for a future 5G-driven industrial internet (see below). The team wants to test a 5G service management system on real-world industrial use cases to create a blueprint for it.

References

Chaudhry, K. (2021, March 28). Understanding 5G | Technology News | Startup Institute. Startup Institute. https://startupinstitute.pk/5g-the-backbone-of-the-industrial-internet/.

Chaudhry, K. (20Understanding 5G – The Backbone Of the Industrial Internet — Sandvik Group. (2019, October 16). Sandvik Group. https://www.home.sandvik/en/stories/articles/2019/10/understanding-5g-the-backbone-of-the-industrial-internet/.

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