Nepal’s History, Geography and Top Tourist Destinations

This video is about Nepal’s History, Geography and Top Tourist Destinations.
Let’s Explore Nepal.

In South Asia, Nepal is located between China and India. A little bit bigger than the state of Arkansas, the nation. Of all the places on Earth, Nepal has the biggest variation in altitude. The Himalayan mountains are the tallest in the world, while the lowlands are at sea level. The highest peak in the world is Mount Everest, which rises to a height of 29,035 feet.

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When India and Asia collided and the land was forced into high mountains, the Himalaya was created around 10–15 million years ago. Nepal is home to eight of the top ten highest mountain peaks in the world.

Fact Sheet.

  • OFFICIAL NAME: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Federal democratic republic
  • CAPITAL: Kathmandu
  • POPULATION: 29,717,587
  • OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Nepali, English
  • MONEY: Nepalese rupee
  • AREA: 54,363 square miles (140,800 square kilometers)
  • MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Himalaya, Annapurna
  • MAJOR RIVERS: Karnali, Koshi
History, Geography and Top Tourist Destinations in Nepal


In Lumbini, a town close to the Indian border, Siddartha Gautama, the Buddha, was born in 563 B.C. Nepal was a significant South Asian power in the 1800s. In 1816, Nepal was forced to sign treaties ceding land to Britain by the British, who at the time-controlled India. The treaty was signed by Nepal, but until 1951, their borders were closed to outsiders.

In honour of British surveyor Sir George Everest, the mountain that is known to westerners as Mount Everest was given that name in 1863. Chomolungma, which means “Goddess Mother of the World,” is how the local Sherpa refer to it. The name in Chinese is Qomolangma. Everest’s Nepali name, Sagarmatha, translates to “Forehead of the Sky.”

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In 1953, Sir Edmund Hilary and a Sherpa guide succeeded in climbing to the top of Mount Everest. Many people have failed in their attempts to ascend Everest.

Top 10 Tourist Destinations in Nepal

Travelers can find many breathtaking locations in Nepal. The country has been blessed with a lot of natural beauty. Different mountains, lakes, caves, glaciers, and many other natural features define the term “beauty.” For tourists, hikers, and lovers of the great outdoors, Nepal has a lot to offer. Nepal is the perfect destination for tours and travel activities with family and friends because of its diverse natural landscape and assortment of exotic cultures.

  1. Everest base camp
    An adventurous being would undoubtedly be satisfied by a tour of the highest peak in the world, which is well known to all. What we anticipate from the Everest base camp helicopter tour is the stunning view of mountains in front of us. The tour starts with a flight to Lukla, which will also be exciting, then there is trekking.
  2. Annapurna Base Camp
    Every travel enthusiast’s bucket list probably includes a quick, incredible trek to the 4130 m-high Annapurna base camp with snowy feet. The trek includes a stroll through the majestic mountains as you get a taste of the locals’ way of life. Throughout the entire trip, a variety of flora and fauna could be seen. The trek’s unique feature is that it begins and ends in Pokhara, a city renowned throughout Nepal for the beauty of its lakes and caves.
  3. Upper Mustang
    Mustang, Nepal’s second least populous district, has an incredible view to offer. This region’s culture is frequently contrasted with Tibetan culture. In 1992, after many years of restrictions, trekking became officially permitted in this region. The region is regarded as one of the best trekking areas in Nepal, even during the monsoon seasons. The route takes one through Jomsom, which is encircled by a stunningly cold environment.
  4. Rara Lake
    The largest lake in Nepal is referred to as Rara Lake. The Karnali zone contains the lake. It is located over 2972 metres above sea level. The Rara national park, whose flora and fauna naturally enhance this lake’s beauty and excitement, is located close to Rara Lake. Rara Lake is said to continuously change its appearance as the water’s colour varies throughout the day.
  5. Tilicho Lake
    At a height of 4919 metres in the Annapurna Himalayan range, a lake can be found in one of Nepal’s most rural regions. The lake, which is occasionally referred to as one of the highest lakes in the world, attracts attention with its breathtaking scenery in chilly weather. Viewers’ eyes would be brightened by the Himalayan range’s reflection in the scene.
  6. Pokhara
    One of the best tourist destinations in Nepal is Pokhara. Visitors from both indoor and outdoor destinations flock to the city of lakes and caves. Adventure sports like paragliding and recently launched hot air ballooning are also well known in the city. The main draws of Pokhara are its many lakes, including Phewa Lake and Begnas Lake. It is one of the most picturesque areas in Nepal and is located 200 km from Kathmandu.
  7. Lumbini
    Since Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini, it can be said that Nepal is proud of this city. The Maya Devi temple, where Lord Buddha was actually born, is the main attraction here. This location is significant historically and culturally. Buddhists place a great deal of religious significance on this location. The Ashoka pillar, which is regarded as proof of Lord Buddha’s birth, is another reason for the location’s fame.
  8. Ghorepani Poon Hill
    The trek, which mainly starts in Pokhara and ascends to a height of 3210 m, is another one in the direction of the Annapurna region and offers stunning views of the surrounding mountains. As part of the trek, you can visit nearby villages like Ghorepani, Ulleri, and Ghandruk, which are renowned for their natural beauty and Magar and Gurung cultures.
  9. Gosaikunda Lake
    It is yet another beautiful destination of Nepal which lies above the height of 4610m. The lake lies in the famous Langtang national park which is itself a beautiful place to visit, having a wide range of flora and fauna. Mainly in Nepal, this lake has high religious importance as mentioned in lots of Hindu sculptures. The Dhunche-Helambu trek leads to this beautiful lake, most of the time surrounded by snow.
  10. Manaslu Base Camp
    With a height of 8163 metres, Manaslu ranks as the eighth-greatest mountain in the world. The trek provides a circle around Mount Manaslu and offers views of stunning mountain peaks and the Manaslu glacier. The Tibetan and Buddhist cultures are prevalent in the rural area. The trek allows for the visitation of various monasteries, demonstrating the diversity of both people and traditions.

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